We are living in an age where the existence of God is taken for granted. One of the questions the church is presented is, how do we prove the existence of God? People have become skeptical, and the belief in God is no longer considered necessary or, in some cases, even foolishness. The prevailing philosophical argument is that science yields no compelling evidence to affirm the existence of God and it is just a religious experience and an emotional feeling. Is belief in God just an emotional experience alone?
Christians affirm that God is self-existent eternal being who is the creator of the universe including every visible and invisible thing. And He is the person who holds everything together (Colossians 1:16-17). Is there any evidence to support such a view?
The evidence for the existence of God must begin with creation. People can establish sufficient reasons that would explain reality by looking at it. When we look at the creation, we can establish three basic possibilities for the reality that we encounter. The first is that the reality we encounter is self-created. The second possibility is that the reality we encounter is self-existent. And the third possibility is that the reality we experience is created ultimately by something else that is self-existent. Now, one of these three possibilities must be true. If one of them is true, the others must be false.
Self-creation (Creation by chance)
The vast majority of atheists who advocate the Big Bang theory say that fifteen to eighteen billion years ago, the universe began as a result of a gigantic explosion. As soon as you say there is a beginning to the universe you have only two options:
- Either the universe came out of nothing all by itself, or
- The universe was created by something that is self-existent and eternal
Now, the question is, if the universe exploded into being, what did it explode out of? A fundamental premise of science is ‘ex nihilo nihil fit’: “out of nothing, nothing comes.” If there was ever a time 15 billion years ago when there was nothing, what would there be now? Absolutely nothing! Newton’s First Law of Motion states, ‘Anything that is at rest tends to remain at rest unless acted upon by an outside force, and anything in motion at a constant velocity will remain in motion in a straight line unless acted upon by an outside force.’
Big bang theory of the origin of the cosmos screams for a self-existent eternal being. Once anyone denies the existence of the self-existent eternal being his or her only option is some kind of spontaneous generation which is not science, its magic — the world exploded into being! This self-creation concept is by definition an absurd, unscientific, logically false premise. Because for something to create itself, to be its own creator, and to be an effect that is its own cause, it would have to exist before it existed. To put it another way, in order to create itself, it would have to be before it was.
Self-existent eternal world
All of the observable characteristics of the material world undergo change, growth and manifest dependence and contingency. Scientists have already concluded that the universe is slowly dying. Simon Driver, a professor at the University of Western Australia who also leads the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) project, says, “The universe will decline from here on in, sliding gently into old age… The universe has basically sat down on the sofa, pulled up a blanket, and is about to nod off for an eternal doze.” These notions are incompatible with the notion of self-existence and eternality.
Something must be self-existent and eternal -that is, something that was not caused by something outside of or beyond itself must exist in order for the universe to exist. This something possesses the power of existence in and of itself, inherently and eternally. There was never a time that a self-existent thing did not exist. If it did, then it would be not self-existent – it would have to have been created by something else. All creation changes, but the self-existent, eternal being is immutable. It does not depend on anything for its continuity of existence or its origin of existence. It is ontologically a necessary being, and it cannot not exist.
According to Nuclear science, all substance in the universe is constructed from three fundamental particles called protons, electrons, and neutrons. The nucleus (center) of the atom (the smallest unit of matter) contains the protons (positively charged) and the neutrons (no charge). The outermost regions of the atom are called electron shells and contain the electrons (negatively charged). The electromagnetic force causes repulsion between like charges, so it makes sense that protons should all repel each other and blow the nucleus apart.
If the nucleus is full of positively charged protons, why doesn’t it fly apart?
What is it that holds that nucleus together?
When the physicists first discovered nuclear particles, they felt that they were close to understanding how atoms are put together. But the more they learn about atoms, the more they know they do not know. This is something they do not have a specific answer to. According to scientists, there is a “strong force” in a nucleus that fights against the force that splits and holds it together. They call it “nuclear glue.” They do not have any clue what that force is. But, we know. It is Colossians 1:17. Jesus Christ is the self-existent eternal God who made the universe and sustains it.
One day God will let loose this nuclear glue. The law of repulsion will take over. Scripture describes that day: “the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.” (2 Peter 3:10). The seven judgments described in Revelation 16:1-21 come out of the creation upon those who refused to submit to Christ. If you have Christ as Lord and Savior, then you do not need to fear that day.